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Guide to CBD for Pets

Introduction

From the moment we bring our pet home, they become part of the family and we want to give them the best quality of life we can. Unfortunately, pets can struggle with several health issues that can be difficult to treat. There is a growing interest in using CBD on pets because of its therapeutic properties. Just as humans can benefit from CBD, so can our pets. Slowly veterinarians are agreeing with the potential benefits CBD has on pets and as this opinion grows, so does the popularity of CBD products for pets. 

If you are new to CBD for pets, this article will help guide you through understanding the benefits, dosing, and what CBD product can be right for your pet. 

What is CBD for pets?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring chemical compound found in hemp and marijuana plants. Hemp and marijuana come from the cannabis plant family but share different chemical compositions. CBD can be extracted from both hemp and marijuana plants; the major difference is the amount of THC found in the extract.  

Hemp-derived CBD is the most popular form of CBD to be used for pets because of the low traces of THC. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a cannabinoid that contains psychoactive effects that result in an intoxicating ‘high’ feeling. Using THC on a pet may make them feel disorientated and lethargic.  

Herb Wellness uses hemp-derived CBD in its CBD products. The same CBD that is infused in human products is the same CBD found in pet products. Aside from the product label to identify whether it is safe for pets to use, the only difference in what makes a CBD product safe for pets is the other ingredients in the product.  

CBD oils and CBD pet treats are the most common form of CBD on the market. CBD oils can be formulated with different oils like MCT, hemp seed, and grapeseed oil. These oils are safe for pets to use, however, every pet might digest the oil differently. Finding CBD products that have ingredients your pet is comfortable using is the first step in choosing your CBD pet product. 

Types of CBD

While there are different types of cannabinoids found in hemp and cannabis plants, there are also different variations of CBD that can be extracted. The form of extraction will determine the outcome of CBD. Let’s look at what types of CBD are available: 

  • Full Spectrum CBD comes from the least refined extraction that contains a variety of cannabinoids like CBD, CBG, CBN, and traces of THC (less than 0.3%). The extraction is done with the entire hemp plant so there is also a terpene profile and other minerals the plant has to offer. 
  • Broad Spectrum CBD comes from the second least refined extraction that contains a variety of cannabinoids like CBD, CBG, and CBN, without THC. The extraction is done with the leaves and stalks of the hemp plant so there is still a slight terpene profile and other minerals the plant has to offer. 
  • Pure CBD Isolate comes from the most refined extraction and the final product is a pure crystalline powder that contains only the cannabinoid CBD. The extraction is done with the hemp stalks and contains no other cannabinoids or THC. 

Using different types of CBD will offer different effects. Studies show that using CBD with other cannabinoids, including THC, can provide increased effectiveness. This is known as the entourage effect. Choosing what CBD is right for your pet will be determined by why they are taking the CBD. For example, if looking for a product to help with chronic pain, consider using a full spectrum CBD because they can potentially get better results from using a combination of cannabinoids that all share the same pain relief properties than only using CBD on its own. However, if your pet is suffering from anxiety, consider using a pure CBD isolate because THC may have negative effects due to its psychoactive properties. 

How is CBD safe for pets?

CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system that is found in the body and regulates many physiological functions. Cats and dogs also have an endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system by connecting with specific receptors. Because CBD has a purpose in both humans and pets, this makes CBD 100% safe for pets to consume.  

Pets cannot lethally overdose from CBD and there are no harmful effects. If a pet has taken a CBD product with an ingredient that they are not familiar with or they have taken too much CBD, then there are mild side effects to look for. Some of the side effects can be an upset stomach, diarrhea, loss of appetite or being over tired.  

Be sure to choose products that are specifically formulated for pets and have ingredients you are comfortable with to prevent side effects from occurring. 

What are the benefits of CBD for pets?


There are many benefits pets can get from using CBD. Here are some ways that pets can benefit from CBD: 

Pain Relief – This is one of the most popular reasons why CBD is given to pets. As our cats and dogs age, they start to have pain associated with arthritis which can cause mobility problems. CBD has anti-inflammatory properties which can help alleviate arthritis and eliminate pain.  

Anti-convulsant – Unfortunately, pets can begin to have epileptic episodes due to neurological issues they can inherit. CBD acts as a neuroprotectant which can reduce epileptic seizures from occurring.  

Anxiolytic – Stress and anxiety are also common to why CBD is given to pets. Pets can suffer from stress or anxiety for several reasons like loud noises, being left alone, or past traumatic experiences. CBD can balance serotonin levels which can reduce stress and anxiety.  

Antiemetic – Pets can suffer from nausea and vomiting because of an upset stomach or digestion issues. CBD can help to reduce any inflammation in the digestive system relieving indigestion and nausea.  

How do I know the right dose for my pet?

Understanding what dose is right for your pet can be a challenge. Unfortunately, there is no set dose for pets, just recommended starting points to help guide you to the right dose. All pets absorb CBD differently and some may need more than others. There are many factors that can affect dosing. Weight, the severity of health conditions, digestion, and age can play a role in what dose can be ideal for your pet.  

A great starting point for pets is to dose by weight. We recommend starting with 1mg of CBD per 1kg of weight. Here is an example of dosing: 

A 30kg dog will start with a recommended dosing of 30mg daily. This dosing can be split in two or taken all at once.  

Journaling your pet’s behavior will help you to keep track of what is working for them. Use the same dose for three to four days before increasing your dose. If you do not see a difference in your pet’s behavior, then increase the dose by 0.5ml and repeat the journaling.  

When purchasing the right concentration, follow the same rule of dosing by weight. For example, if your dog requires 30mg of CBD daily, then purchasing a 1000mg concentration CBD pet oil would be a good product to start with.  

Dividing the concentration by the amount of oil in the bottle will determine how much CBD is in 1ml of CBD oil. In a 30ml bottle of 1000mg of CBD, there is 33.33mg of CBD per 1ml. Therefore, 1ml of CBD pet oil would be the dose you would give your 30kg dog to start. Choosing a concentration of CBD closest to the dose you want to give your pet will help to eliminate the overconsumption of oil or treats.  

CBD can be a holistic approach to your pet’s health conditions. Whether suffering from anxiety, pain, or epilepsy, CBD can be a great choice to consider. Be sure to start low and slow with dosing. Always consult a veterinarian if you feel more comfortable discussing the options before trying a new CBD product. Check out Herb Wellness’ CBD pet products to see what we have to offer.  

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